Breaking Barriers: Women in Science and Engineering: EU Statistics Show Progress, but Highlights Need for More

Eurostat News: Women Make Up 41% of Scientists and Engineers in the Workforce

In 2022, the European Union saw a significant increase in the number of female scientists and engineers, reaching almost 7.3 million, which accounted for 41% of the total employment in science and engineering. This is a positive development as it shows that more women are pursuing careers in these fields.

The majority of these women were employed in the service sector, making up 46% of scientists and engineers in this area. On the other hand, only 22% of those working in manufacturing were women. This highlights the need to encourage more women to pursue careers in manufacturing and other industries where they are underrepresented.

The proportion of female scientists and engineers varied among EU Member States in 2022, with Denmark, Lithuania, and Bulgaria having the highest percentages at 53%, 52%, and 51% respectively. However, Hungary, Finland, and Germany had the lowest percentages at 31%, 32%, and 34%. These differences highlight the importance of addressing gender inequality within each country’s education system and workplace policies.

Scientists and Engineers are categorized as those working in science and technology, which includes occupations involved in the systematic generation, advancement, diffusion, and application of scientific and technological knowledge. This category also encompasses technicians and associated professionals. The regions with the highest proportions of women employed in science and technology in 2022 were Lithuania, the French region of Corse, and Latvia. In contrast, the lowest percentages were observed in the Italian region of Nord-Ovest, Malta

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