Women in science and engineering are predominantly employed in the service sector, accounting for 46% of the workforce in this sector. However, only 22% of scientists and engineers in manufacturing are women. Despite these statistics, Latvia stands out as a leader among EU Member States when it comes to the proportion of women employed in science and technology. This category includes occupations such as researchers, developers, and engineers involved in generating, advancing, diffusing and applying scientific and technological knowledge, as well as technicians and associated professionals.
According to recent data released to coincide with the International Day of Women and Girls in Science on February 11th, the regions with the highest shares of women employed in science and technology occupations were Lithuania, the French region of Corse, and Latvia. In contrast, the Italian regions with the smallest proportions of females employed in science and technology were Nord-Ovest, Malta, and Sud. These figures highlight a need for greater diversity in STEM fields across Europe.