Unprecedented Challenges in Pakistan’s Parliamentary Elections: Forming a Government Amidst Political Polarization and Economic Uncertainty

Opposition party in Pakistan declares victory in elections

Pakistan’s parliamentary elections have ended with the opposition party of jailed former Prime Minister Imran Khan, Tehreek-e-Insaf, declaring victory. Following this, the Pakistan Muslim League, the party of former Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif, also claimed victory. PTI chairman Gohar Khan announced the party’s success and intention to form the next government during a press conference in Islamabad on Saturday. He spoke of electoral fraud and called for the country’s institutions to respect the will of the voter.

Two days after the elections, the government formation process continues in Pakistan. Sharif, initially believed to be the likely winner, failed to secure a majority with his party, leaving them with only 71 seats in parliament after 95 percent of the constituencies were counted. Independent candidates, most of whom were affiliated with Imran Khan and the PTI, won 100 of the 266 seats, complicating the situation.

Despite this, Sharif’s PML-N has already started coalition talks with PPP, the third-placed popular party led by Bilawal Bhutto Zardari, in hopes of forming a government. There is also speculation that Sharif may attempt to court possible defectors among the independent candidates and form an alliance with a smaller party.

The election process was marred by violence as well as a suspension of mobile and internet services, barring some people from casting their votes. Pakistan is currently in the midst of a severe economic crisis with major inflation. There has been a history of unrest and instability in

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