Estrogen is a hormone that has a wide range of functions in the body, from regulating the menstrual cycle and promoting development and reproduction to affecting gender characteristics, sexual behavior, temperature regulation, cardiovascular health, and bone density. During menopause, when estrogen production declines, women experience various changes such as an increased risk of cardiovascular diseases, decreased bone density, changes in temperature regulation, sleep disturbances, mood swings, and memory issues.
New studies are constantly shedding light on the many roles that estrogen plays in the body. For instance, research conducted by University College London suggests that estrogen may have a protective role in preventing memory disorders such as dementia. The timing of menopause and exposure to estrogen throughout a woman’s life seem to influence the risk of developing these disorders. This research is based on data from 273,260 women as part of the British Biobank project.
However, other studies have shown contradictory results regarding the link between estrogen and dementia. The uncertainty and varied results can be attributed to factors such as the reliability of participants’ memories, the diverse types of memory disorders, and the influence of other variables on the results. Despite these mixed findings